TASK 2 - Multi-MW Target Station

eurisol ds
Technical preparatory work and demonstration of principle for a high power target station for production of beams of fission fragments using the mercury proton-to-neutron converter-target and cooling technology in collaboration with the communities working on the spallation neutron sources, accelerator driven systems and the neutrino factories.
Development of the EURISOL Multi-Megawatt Target Station (2005-2009): Executive Summary
03/09/2009 -Task : TASK 2
Author(s) :Karel Samec et al. (CERN, IPUL, ITN and PSI)

Advances in nano-technology, bio-technology, nuclear medicine and the fundamental sciences require a facility to continue improving current capabilities in Europe beyond the year 2010. European competitiveness could benefit greatly from a unique research facility, flexible enough to satisfy users from many different fields of science and technology. The facility would be a valuable asset enabling economies of scale and giving Europe access to cutting-edge technology at the heart of future technological advances of major economic importance. Specialised facilities already operating at full capacity such as SINQ in Switzerland, ILL in France, have demonstrated the benefits of bringing together users from different scientific backgrounds and different countries. Such a research policy may be reinforced by the improved performance and greater reach of the EURISOL project which is aimed at a larger research community. Beneficiaries include the medical sciences such as oncology, medical imagery or studies of protein, as well as physics, astrophysics and cosmology, not forgetting nano-technology, supra-conductivity and general material technology. An initial Design Study funded by the European FP6 research framework program was able to establish the case for the project on a well-founded scientific and technical basis in terms of user cost-benefit analysis, risk identification and mitigation. Two major risk items were identified early on in the EURISOL program: the proton beam LINAC driver and the Multi-Megawatt target station. The current summary addresses the latter task which was assigned to a project group headed by CERN in Geneva and comprising PSI in Switzerland for the liquid metal converter target development, INFN in Italy for the fission targets and IPUL in Latvia for essential liquid metal technology testing.
Deliverable D5: The Multi-Megawatt Target Station (Final Report)
03/09/2009 -Task : TASK 2
Author(s) :Karel Samec et al. (CERN, IPUL, ITN, PSI)

The Eurisol initiative seeks to develop an isotope production facility to provide the scientific community with the means to achieving high yields of isotopes and extending the variety of isotopes thus produced towards more exotic types rarely seen in existing facilities. The Multi-MW converter target at the heart of the projected facility is designed to create isotopes by fissioning uranium carbide (UC) target arranged coaxially around a 4 MW converter target. It is therefore essential that the target be as compact as possible to avoid losing neutrons to capture whilst maximising the neutron flux to enhance the number of fissions per second in the UC targets. The proposed ISOL facility would use both (a) several 100 kW proton beams on a thick solid target to produce RIBs directly, and (b) a liquid metal 4 MW ‘converter’ target to release high fluxes of spallation neutrons which would then produce RIBs by fission in a secondary uranium carbide (UCx) target. An alternative windowless liquid mercury-jet ‘converter’ target to generate the neutrons has also been proposed for this Multi-MW target station.
EURISOL-DS Multi‐MW Target: Radiological Protection, Radiation Safety and Shielding Aspects
03/09/2009 -Task : TASK 2
Author(s) :Y. Romanets and R. Luís (ITN)

The objective of this work was to carry out a detailed study and analysis of all aspects related to radioprotection and radiation safety of the spallation target area and the whole spaces reserved for the fission targets and spallation target maintenance. Operational and no‐operational conditions were considered for an evaluation of the radiation safety conditions. An analysis of the proposed shielding dimensions and configuration was performed for the system during operation time. Parameters as activation, dose rate, energy deposition, etc. are more important for the no‐operation period, in order to evaluate the hazard level and determine the staff access type to the maintenance areas (direct or remote control). Such elements as the fission targets and the whole structure involved on it were studied in more detail because of the disposal issues, after operation. Activation, dose rate and residual nuclides were studied for each element of the assembly. All parameters were analyzed according to their time evolution after the shutdown of the facility. The studies were carried out using the state‐of‐the‐art Monte Carlo programs FLUKA and MCNPX.
EURISOL-DS Overall Design of the Multi-MW Target Station
03/09/2009 -Task : TASK 2
Author(s) :Olivier Choisnet, Cyril Kharoua, Yacine Kadi, Karel Samec (CERN)

The EURISOL Design Study investigated the feasibility of a complex instrument to push back the boundaries of current physics knowledge amidst today’s ever-increasing need for realism due to constraints imposed by safety, performance and, not least, budgetary responsibility. In order to attend to these concerns, the EURISOL Multi-Megawatt converter target, its associated fission targets and the three 100 kW direct targets are all integrated into a single facility housing the ancillary equipment as well. The overall layout of the facility, its functional break-down and the main modes of operation are presented in the current report.
EURISOL-DS Multi-Megawatt Target: Remote Handling Equipment
03/09/2009 -Task : TASK 2
Author(s) :Cyril Kharoua, Olivier Choisnet, Yacine Kadi, Karel Samec (CERN)

The design proposed within Task #2 of the EURISOL Design Study for the remote handling of the mercury converter target and its associated loop is presented with particular emphasis on achieving rapid turn-around during routine maintenance. The converter target needs to be completely exchanged every four months due to the high irradiation damage sustained. Other components are less susceptible to damage but may need periodic maintenance; in particular the on-line isotopic separation unit in the mercury loop.

D1 Engineering study of the Hg converter
No Milestones and expected results of this task Months due Months achieved Related documents
D1 /M1.1 Computation Hg fluid dynamics 7 21 02-25-2006-0004
D1 /M1.2 Study of a possible window less Hg converter 9 22 02-25-2006-0003
D1 /M1.3 Decision of draft design parameters 14 29 02-25-2005-0001

D2 Innovative waste management in the liquid Hg-loop
No Milestones and expected results of this task Months due Months achieved Related documents
D2 /M2.1 Decision on optimum extraction method 29 36 02-21-2008-0019
D2 /M2.2 Full scale implementation of extraction method 39 52 02-25-2009-0034

D3 Engineering design construction of a functional Hg loop
No Milestones and expected results of this task Months due Months achieved Related documents
D3 /M3.1 Overall design and layout of Hg loop 26 30 02-25-2007-0014
D3 /M3.2 Design and construction of components 26 35 02-25-2007-0014
D3 /M3.3 Assembly of complete Hg loop with window free jet 36 40 02-25-2009-0032

D4 Off line test of thermal and fluid dynamics
No Milestones and expected results of this task Months due Months achieved Related documents
D4 /M4.1 Test of Hg loop components 31 48 02-25-2008-0018
D4 /M4.2 Operation of complete Hg loop with window free jet 48 54 02-25-2009-0042

D5 Engineering design of a complete target station
No Milestones and expected results of this task Months due Months achieved Related documents
D5 /M5.1 Study of HV platform and services 28 50 02-25-2008-0025
D5 /M5.2 Study of remote handling equipment 36 54 02-25-2009-0044
D5 /M5.3 Overall design of multi-MW target station 52 54 02-25-2009-0045